Two-Phase Treatment

What is the two-phase orthodontic treatment?
The Two-Phase Orthodontic Treatment is a process that involves tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The purpose is to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result you will have for the rest of your life. The two-phase treatment maximizes that opportunity.

By putting off treatment, the results of straight permanent teeth are compromised.

First Phase Treatment

1. Development for your Foundation
The first phase treatment is your foundation for a lifetime of beautiful teeth. It begins by developing the jaw size in order to accommodate all the permanent teeth. It also is specific to relate the upper and lower jaws to each other. At an early age, some may show signs of jaw problems as they develop. Jaws that are growing too much or not enough,both upper and lower, can be recognized at an early age. If this jay discrepancy is evident after age 6, they are candidates for early orthodontic treatment.
 
Planning now can save your smile later
Early phases of orthodontic treatment can enormously benefit children, because they are growing rapidly. This is done by utilizing orthodontic appliances that direct the growth of the upper and lower jaws. A good and strong foundation can be established creating adequate room from the eruption of all permanent teeth. By correcting this early, permanent teeth removal can be prevented and a correction of overcrowding can occur. Leaving a condition untreated until all permanent teeth have come in can result in a jaw problem to severe to achieve a good result with braces.  

Making records to determine your unique treatment
Orthodontic records are necessary to determine the types of appliances that may need to be used. Records also help determine the duration of treatment time, and frequency of visits. Our records are made up of models of teeth, x-rays, and photographs.

2. Resting Period
During this phase, what permanent teeth that haven’t come in yet are given time to erupt. The existing permanent teeth need freedom to move as new teeth come in. When the first phase is successful, there will be room for final teeth to find a path to grow. If not, they can become impacted or displaced.
 
Monitoring your teeth’s progress
As you reach the end of the first phase of treatment, teeth are not in their final positions. This is accomplished in the second phase of treatment. During this Resting Period, it may be best to remove certain primary teeth (baby teeth). This will help the eruption of permanent teeth. Appointments are set for observation during this time, typically on a six month basis. 

Second Phase Treatment

Stay healthy and look attractive
The second phase primary goal is to ensure that each tooth has an exact location in the mouth where it aligns with the lips, cheek, tongue, and other teeth. If this is accomplished properly and equilibrium is established, the teeth will function together properly.
 
Movement & Retention
Orthodontic records were made in the first phase as well as a diagnosis and treatment plan established. You may have had certain appliances used in the first phase also. The second phase begins when all permanent teeth have come in, and usually requires braces on all the teeth for one to three years. The average is around 24 months. After braces, retainers are worn to ensure you keep your beautiful smile.